In the center of the square is the large equestrian statue of José San Martins, on a huge white pedestal. On a pedestal on the pedestal is a smaller statue: the Motherland, the symbolic mother of Peru. If you’re in Lima for the first time, first you admire it, and then you’re surprised. The reason for this is the peculiar “crown” of Motherland. The statue was made in Spain, with the instruction to decorate it with a headdress. This should represent a “flame”, in German “llama” or “Lama”. Why the craftsmen chose the latter is not very clear; after all, a flame would have been the noblest symbol. On the other hand, the Spaniards, even with the little lama in the head of their mother, have turned the jam into a clearly Latin American symbol, and nobody will think that “Motherland” could be a reference to the word “mother country”. Native Spain Therefore, this mishap could only elicit a broad smile from the Peruvians, and the importance of the square, dedicated to the centennial of independence, acquired a new dimension.