The Nazca Lines from the point of view of Erich of Däniken
n 1968, a new explorer of the phenomenon of Nazca lines appears on the scene. Erich von Däniken claims that the Nazca plateau is a great landing strip for extraterrestrial spacecraft. With this thesis he created one of the basic components of the “preastronautics” that he defends, according to which extraterrestrial beings have visited the earth repeatedly over the centuries and have essentially influenced human evolution.
In the myths of primitive peoples, these space visitors were stylized into gods. In the decades after his theory of the Nazca lines, Däniken also interprets other buildings and relics of ancient civilizations such as Stonehenge or the pyramids of Giza in this context. Of course, from a scientific point of view this does not make sense, why would such a sophisticated technology have to land in the middle of the Nazca desert with the help of the signs of the earth? Until today, Däniken could not corroborate his thesis, although he himself is not particularly interested in the classical academic test.
Climate change as the key of the Nazca Lines?
Since 1997, scientists from the German Archaeological Institute have been taking the Nazca lines under the direction of archaeologist Dr. med. Markus Reindel under the microscope. Dr. Reindel and his team are convinced that they will find the key to their history, especially in the settlement areas around the Nazca Lines. Reindel is sure that actors of the Nazca era at that time can help solve the mystery. Discovering how the population lived and what traditions it used could also reveal the purpose of the Nazca geoglyphs.
Reindel began to explore the conditions of the past and shed light on the Nazca culture. Fortunately, there are quite intact mummies of the colonists of the time who lived around the Nazca Lines. For example, Reindel could see in the digestive tracts that there was a social hierarchy among the inhabitants. For example, some residents ate more meat, others more seafood. Therefore, it was not an egalitarian and equal community, but apparently structured according to social classes.
This existence of hierarchies, which also had to include a high class, speaks of a long-disputed theory. Their tribal leader of ‘working classes’ of the individual clan issued the order to scrape lines and figures on the ground. The bigger and more imposing were the lines of a representation, the more powerful and rich were the clans. Each clan strove to perpetuate a typical motif in the desert sand, similar to a family shield.
The shamanic soul goes through the Nazca lines
In the Indians, the shamans were responsible for the direct connection with the gods. To enter the necessary trance, the holy men took mescaline contained in the extract of the Peruvian San Pedro cactus. This was meant to free his soul from the power of earthly attraction. On the occasion of the sacred rituals, the shamans asked for enough food, abundant income and the good of the community.
The images of the desert could have played their part in these shamanic, and possibly quite “earthly” ceremonies. Not only did they indicate the beings that the shamans resorted to, but they also provided a visual guide to help them return to the present.
However, this does not explain the many geometric representations. To get close to them, the scientists sent a small one, equipped with a helicopter camera across the desert. The camera created a variety of frames, which were then merged into a PC to form a complete image. In doing so, the technicians created an accurate representation of the Nazca plateau around the year 300 BC.
It became clear: the abstract forms could also have served as a generous facility for Nazca residents. They mark a sacred place, but one in which as many settlers as possible should be able to perform their ritual actions simultaneously. A whole mass audience should have space. As evidence of the sacrifices, many fragments of pottery were also made in the most important places, in the event that the higher powers, the magnificent images in the desert sand are no longer sufficient.
Were the Nazca Lines witnessing a catastrophe?
In 2008, geographers came up with the idea that the desert around the Nazca Lines might not always be as inhospitable as it seems today. They examine the region more closely to the Andes and find incredible things: a shell. This discovery and subsequent soil samples leave no doubt that today’s desert was a fertile soil around 11,000 and 2,000 BC.
The sudden climate change that occurred around 2,000 BC led to a continuous expansion of the desert. Resources now increasingly scarce often led to disputes among the inhabitants of the desert. The Indians, therefore, asked the gods with increasing urgency for indulgence and, of course, for the rain.
When the gods stopped responding because the rain was no longer their sign of favor, the Incas were forced to turn their backs on their homeland. They left gigantic portraits, which many thousands of years later still offer a lot of conversation.
Travel Tips Nazca Lines
From Lima, about 450 km away, there are several buses to Nazca. Prices vary greatly depending on the comfort and characteristics of the buses. The trip lasts between six and seven hours. Nazca itself is a small city with all the necessary comfort.
Within Nazca, almost all accommodations, from the hostel for backpackers to the comfortable hotel, offer flights over the Nazca Lines. Almost always these reserved overflights are cheaper than an online tour with prior reservation. However: in the months of July, August and September is high season. Then it may be more difficult to book a tour on the site.
If you have time, it sounds a bit like what providers are recommended. Although airplanes are similar to each other, the quality of the flyby varies from company to company. Good sellers really fly as many characters as possible, try to allow different perspectives and circumnavigate particularly spectacular characters several times. They often offer passengers a general video before the start and share a map of all the Nazca lines for better guidance.