Like many buildings in Lima, the Basilica Nuestra Señora de la Merced survived several earthquakes and fires in almost 500 years since its creation. In 1591, the façade took on its present form, which was destroyed several times and was not reconstructed until 1939. In this form, a mixture of mud bricks and brick, it can be seen today.
The intricately decorated portal in the style of Spanish Baroque, which stands out clearly from the rest of the facade, is made of Panamanian granite. This rock served as ballast and stabilizer in ship’s hulls and thus reached Callao, a port city near Lima. Above the gate sits the Virgin on a balcony. The church of mercy itself has been extended several times. The aides of today arose over the centuries, as well as the decoration inside.
The church has only one bell tower, a political dispute prevented the construction of the second tower, so that the church from the outside seems a little asymmetrical. The bell tower was planned as the highest Limas, which could not be carried out because of the danger of collapse during earthquakes. The bells in the tower, which was last restored in 1998, are only rung in September, the month of the patron saint of Mercedarians.