The sea: It played an important role in several ancient cultures of Peru, but also in the discovery and conquest of the country, as a transport route and as a resource. Lima was not founded directly on the sea, but ten kilometers inland, as a refuge that served the port of Callao. Today, the capital has spread so much that some districts are located in the Pacific, and those who visit Lima can not stop seeing the water.
A special geographic feature Callao forms the district La Punta. This promontory extends to the Pacific and points directly to a popular destination, which is about 4 kilometers from the coast, 8 kilometers long and 2.5 kilometers wide: the uninhabited island of San Lorenzo.
This island has some significance in Peruvian history, is surrounded by legends and has been known for its flora and fauna. For example, Charles Darwin arrived in San Lorenzo in 1853 to study animals and plants there. Although the island has an intact ecosystem, it is not fully protected: the Peruvian Navy has a base there, as well as a larger port and airport, as well as a tunnel under the sea to Lima. To this end, the land area of the island must be increased and sold to Chile, a true super project to which ecologists naturally oppose by advocating for the conservation of nature.