After the time of the Spanish viceroyalty, Moyobamba became a city of tolerance and numerous minorities. In the course of history until 1870, several families of Ashkenazi Jews, Sephardic (Sephardic) Jews and the Shilicos settled in Moyobamba.
In 1853, numerous Austrian and German families joined Moyobamba for failed immigration programs in the central jungle. Between 1860 and 1880, many Chinese escaped the slavery of the Spaniards and brought the rice to Moyobamba.
|Ethnic composition Moyobamba |
| ||1993 ||2007 ||2010 |
|mestizos ||37.990 ||87,3% ||62.792 ||88,7% ||70.000 |
|Indios ||4.000 ||9,2% ||5.291 ||7,5% ||6.500 |
|Spaniard ||400 ||0,9% ||1.000 ||1,4% ||700 |
|Chinese ||200 ||0,5% ||330 ||0,5% ||300 |
|German ||200 ||0,5% ||334 ||0,5% ||200 |
|Jewry ||200 ||0,5% ||153 ||0,2% ||200 |
|Basques ||100 ||0,2% ||260 ||0,4% ||200 |
|Poland ||100 ||0,2% ||78 ||0,1% ||50 |
|French people ||40 ||0,09% ||86 ||0,1% ||100 |
|Armenian ||40 ||0,09% ||26 ||0,03% ||15 |
|Palestinian ||30 ||0,07% ||22 ||0,03% ||12 |
|Other ||200 ||0,45% ||395 ||0,54% ||500 |
|total ||43.500 ||70.767 ||78.777 |
In 1920, the Armenians arrived in Moyobamba fleeing the Turks, who committed the genocide of the Armenians. During the Second World War, Italian and English missionaries arrived with their families, including Annie Soper, who became a symbol of love and humanitarian work during the Ruhr epidemic and the smallpox epidemic that struck Moyobamba between 1921 and 1922.
In 1922, the city became the center of the guerrilla struggle at the time of the Cervantes Revolution, which cost many lives. During the rubber boom in which the city of Iquitos was founded, Moyobamba and other communities around the Huallaga river basin experienced a large influx of immigrants, which led to cultural, economic and social decline. The city grew from 44,000 inhabitants to just under 80,000 in 1940.
In the late 1940s, many refugees fleeing World War II flew over Lima to Moyobamba. Between 1967 and 1968, under the first presidency of Fernando Belaúne Terry, the Marginal Road of the Jungle, a national highway that was opened from Chiclayo in the Pacific, the until now isolated provinces of the north of the Amazon and San Marín.
In the 1970s, a new wave of refugees arrived in Moyobamba after President Juan Velasco Alvarado implemented an agrarian reform in favor of the former landowners.
As in 1987 in other parts of Peru, the spiral of violence worsened, so many refugees came to Moyobama saying that urban density grew very strong and that overpopulation could not be adequately addressed. Fortunately, despite the high problems involved, there was no social conflict.
At the end of May 1990, earthquakes in the Moyobamba area are reported repeatedly. The earthquakes of 1990 and 1991 contributed to the destruction of many historic buildings. 17 dead, 180 injured and 12,000 people homeless during the 1990 earthquake. The 1991 earthquake killed 11 people and left 20,000 homeless. The cause of the tremors is the Nazca plate that slips under the South American plate and therefore folds in the Andes mountains. Earthquakes in Moyobamba are on the Richter scale between 4.2 and 7.5.
In January 1993, the city experienced, for the first time in the history of Moyobamba, an attack by 1,000 heavily armed terrorists of the “Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement” (MRTA) who were trying to capture the city. The attack killed dozens of people, killed at least 6 terrorists, 9 policemen and 6 soldiers, and destroyed several bank branches, shopping centers and public facilities. In 1998, the last terrorist attack occurred, destroying electricity and masts.