The inexhaustible flora & fauna in the Manu National Park Elsewhere threatened with extinction, here in sufficient numbers home: The Giant Otter
In the middle of the Manu National Park is the Cocha Cashu biological station of the University of La Molina, which, in cooperation with the Frankfurt zoo, captures the almost inexhaustible biodiversity of the reserve. It has the largest database of tropical ecosystems in South America, and its scientists estimate that about 10 percent of all plants in Manu National Park are still completely unknown in biology.
The same applies to the animal world: since the 1970s, more than 100 species of completely unknown bats have been discovered in the Manu National Park, which the attentive visitor can observe in flight at night. At the same time, the park is also an idyll for endangered species in other places, such as the giant otter or the black alligator. Therefore, the Manu National Park is also used for research purposes, how and how fast it can come in a closed by humans only under strict conditions or not editable, closed area to a recovery of biological balance.
The first thing that impresses almost all visitors is the exotic interaction of sounds, smells and unknown colors that the jungle brings. Then comes the overwhelming optic of the scale of the trees that grow in the Manu National Park.
The rainforest in the Manu Park In the dense jungle the trees extend up to 60 meters high. Around its trunks, which extend up to 3 meters in diameter, the vines and vine plants of all kinds meander, obscuring the light that falls from above and produces the typical lush green twilight of the rainforest.
The mountainous jungle offers a variety of trees in the most varied forms of growth and immense vegetation. Lichen, mosses and ferns provide a living soil structure for insects and soil animals; An amazing variety of brilliant orchids surprises the eye. Bromeliads and epiphytes commonly found are also famous.
Orchids in the Manu Park The high mountains are flooded with light, with a sparsely populated forest landscape, dwarfed by dwarfed grass.
Of course, about 200 species of mammals do not always appear. Bears, monkeys and cats are especially present in the cloud forests of large mammals: Spectacled bears, anteaters, capuchin monkeys, woolly monkeys, nocturnal monkeys, pumas, jaguars and ocelots are often seen occasionally in this order.
Jaguar and Puma are the main predators in the area. The Puma is geographically more extended: it rises from the lowlands to heights of more than 3,000 meters. On the contrary, the Jaguar generally remains below 1,000 meters. Over 1,700 meters of border there are also spectacled bears in danger of extinction.
Spectacled bears in the Parque del Manu In the lowland forests, smaller predators such as ocelots, coatis and tayras, short-eared foxes and giant otters are represented. The lowland tapir can also be seen here. In animals with hooves there are white-tailed deer, white-tailed deer, peccaries with a collar and white-tipped peccaries and swamp deer, although they are scary and, therefore, often can not be observed directly. The big anteater and the dwarf anteater, the giant armadillo, the lazy animals, the capybaras and the typical animals of the Andes, such as the Pakarana and the Paka, have a good view.
If larger mammals are going to take more time, the sight of colorful bird species looks completely like this.
colorful species of birds in the Manu National Park, Allen is ahead of the famous Peruvian cock (“Cock of the Rock”), which impresses by its colorful and also for biologists, surprising dances of courtship. Other species of birds are the native parrots, as well as the quetzal, tangar, trogon or oriole. The so-called avifauna (the totality of all that occur in a region of bird species) also includes Edeltangare, toucans, tree climbers, hummingbirds, the black-headed ornamental bird and the red-fronted anteater.
A particularly impressive and otherwise rare species is the Andean cliff bird. Incidentally, even North American shorebirds use the banks of the Amazon River to take a break on their flight back home after winter, which has already caused confusion to many amateur ornithologists.
If you leave the canoe and explore the flora on foot with one of the guides always well trained and expert, you will soon have a good eye for details. Then the fabulously complex insect world draws attention: iridescent butterflies flutter around the visitor, stick insects use their camouflage tactics