Attraction for history buffs
For centuries, the Cordillera region was the center of many ethnic groups. A living testimony to this is given by the ruins in Gekosh, Chuchumpunta, Willcahuain-Huyllap-Pumacayan and Hechkap-Jonkapampa – the world’s largest collection of appropriate settlement sites. Especially in today’s northern part of the Huascarán National Park there seems to have been flourishing tribal cultures. Even today, the remnants of the dwellings can be admired at Cueva del Guitanero in Yungay. Researchers date them to about 2000 years before the creation of the Chavin culture.
Its remains can be admired in Chavin itself, in the form of ruins of the ancient city of Chavín de Huántar, also a World Heritage Site. The buildings of the approximately 13-acre urban plant, which is about 850 v. Chr. Was created in the 3rd century BC, are among the oldest stone structures in the Andes.
Highest mountain in Peru: The Nevado Huascarán
Located in the Huascarán National Park, the Nevado Huascarán (6768 meters) is Peru’s highest mountain and the fifth highest mountain in South America. Its glaciated peaks clearly dominate its surroundings – the neighboring mountains of this in itself unique bizarre tropical mountains are visually distinct in comparison.
Among mountaineers, the Nevado Huascarán is also popular as an “exercise mountain” before it tackles the even higher challenges of Asian mountains. Its mighty, ice-clad double peaks tower over the valley of the Rio Santa by almost 4500 m and offer similar conditions as the Himalaya, with which it also has the area-wide extent in common.
Among mountaineers, the Nevado Huascarán is also called His two characteristic summits called Huascarán Sur (6768 m) and Huascarán Norte (6655 m), respectively, first climbed in 1932 and 1908 (by the US-American Annie Smith Peck). As majestic as the Huascarán is, it can be so dangerous. In 1962, a boulder avalanche, broken off from its northern summit, buried up to 4,000 people and several villages in the valley below. The infamous earthquake in 1970 also saw a monumental landslide that wiped out the city of Yungay and its inhabitants.
However, experienced mountaineers should not shy away from climbing the Huascarán and its steep gradients with changing ice conditions. It is not for nothing that it is one of the most popular mountain destinations in the entire Andes. Since 1932, the Huascarán has been developed with diverse, sometimes easier, but sometimes extremely difficult routes – including the extremely risky ascent of the challenging 1200 m high east face of the main summit. Experienced mountaineers sometimes combine the Huascarán with Alpamayo (5947 m), which is also located in the Cordillera Blanca.