Among the paintings of the Pedro de Osma Museum are among other works of the sixteenth century, the time when the Spanish, with the help of art, tried to convert the indigenous to their faith.
These include, above all, religious scenes. Especially in this regard, the school in Cuzco should be noted. The art of this region was inspired by imported European styles, as well as the traditions of the indigenous peoples of Peru. With the republican period also the social scenes, the portraits and the representations of the landscape found the entrance to the painting.