The salmon-colored tower of the Basílica de Santo Domingo rises like an index finger between the surrounding low buildings. In the historic city of Lima there is an unusually high number of churches and monasteries. This is of course due to the special location of Lima: The Rímac Valley was by far the only area large enough to accommodate the capital. And so it was the only place where all the orders that had settled in Peru, to proselytize among the indigenous peoples, could find a place. Like some of the other churches and monasteries, the Basílica and Santo Domingo Monastery were founded in the same year as the capital itself. And like many other historic buildings, she suffered from the recurring earthquakes. The first church building of Santo Domingo was completely destroyed and rebuilt a hundred years after its completion. The monastery is famous for San Martin de Porres, America’s first black saint and the first Peruvian saint to spend much of his life there. The remains of the first Saints of America and patroness of Lima, Santa Rosa de Lima, are also in a crypt of the monastery.