The exhibitions of the indigenous cultures of Peru, that populated the country before the arrival of the Spaniards, are in several rooms. To give visitors an orderly view, the pieces were organized, on the one hand, by region: North, Center, South and La Sierra; on the other, by type: metal jewelry, ceramics, textiles.
In the metal room, for example, there is a set of gold headdresses from the Chimú period and jewels for the head and ears of the Moche culture. Religious and practical objects also included “artistic” representations, such as corn cobs and masks. It should be noted that there is generally no clear dividing line between religious pieces and practices, because religion and its rituals were closely related to the daily life of ancient cultures. Stone products such as knives and tools from the preceramic period complete the collection.